Iron 3 Choloride

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Iron 3 Choloride

Iron 3 chloride. It is dark brown in color and acidic. It has the molecular formula FeCl3. The anhydrous compound iron 3 chloride melting point 307,6 ° C.

When dissolved in water, iron (III) chloride undergoes hydrolysis and an exothermic reaction gives off heat. The resulting brown acidic and corrosive solution is used as a coagulating agent in wastewater treatment and drinking water production, and printed circuit boards are copper-based metals etchant. Anhydrous iron (III) chloride is a very strong Lewis acid and is used as a catalyst in organic synthesis.

Iron 3 chloride (FeCl3) usage areas;

  • Pharmaceutical industry
  • Waste treatment and waste water treatment facilities
  • Metal industry
  • Chemical laboratory applications
  • PVC production sector

How Is Iron 3 Chloride Produced?

  • Anhydrous iron (III) chloride can be prepared by combining the following elements:

2Fe (s) + 3Cl2 (g) 2 → FeC3 (s)

  • Dissolving iron ore in hydrochloric acid

Fe3O4 (s) + 8HCI (aq) → FeC2 (aq) + 2FeC3 (aq) + 4H2O (I)

  • Oxidation of iron (II) chloride with chlorine

2FeC2 (aq) + Cl2 (g) → 2FeCI3 (aq)

  • Oxidation of iron (II) chloride with oxygen

4FeCl 2 (aq) + O2 + 4HCI → 4FeCl3 (aq) + 2H2O (I)

What are the uses (processes) of Iron 3 Chloride?

  • Iron (III) chloride is used in sewage and drinking water production.
  • It is used in anhydrous form as a dry reagent in some reactions.
  • It is used to detect the presence of phenol compounds in organic synthesis:
  • It is used to precipitate phosphate as iron (III) phosphate in water and wastewater treatment.
  • It is used to identify the fixture model in iron meteorites.
  • The cylinder used in the intaglio printing industry for intaglio and etching plates for printing images of photographs and artworks in photogravure required for etching.
  • Can use it to make printed circuit boards (PCB).
  • In veterinary medicine. In addition, in cases where bleeding occurs as a result of bleeding.
  • Used to treat mortise of animal nail.
  • In a preparation of ferrocene, a metal sandwich complex, it reacts with cyclopentadienylmagnesium bromide.
  • It is used with NaI in acetonitrile to slightly reduce organic azides to primary amines.
  • Used in animal thrombosis model.
  • Used in energy storage systems
  • Historically, it has been used directly to make positive plans.
  • A component of the modified Carnoy solution used in the surgical treatment of keratocystic odontogenic tumor (COT),
  • Used by American coin collectors to date Buffalo nicks, which are so worn out that history is no longer visible.

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